Date of publication: 2017-08-29 17:40
It is necessary to maintain decorum: One should review the paper justly and entirely on its merit, even if it comes from a competing research group. Finally, there are occasions where you get extremely exciting papers that you might be tempted to share with your colleagues, but you have to resist the urge and maintain strict confidentiality.
Support will be provided for up to two years (R66 Phase) to perform critical experiments that rigorously test the proposed concept. These critical experiments should unambiguously support or reject the central hypothesis. The outcomes of these critical experiments will be the central determining factor for the activation of the R88 Phase. The R88 Phase will provide up to one additional year of support to further validate and explore the innovative concept.
The problems of measurement error and other sources of year-to-year variability are especially serious because many policy makers are particularly concerned with removing ineffective teachers in schools serving the lowest-performing, disadvantaged students. Yet students in these schools tend to be more mobile than students in more affluent communities. In highly mobile communities, if two years of data are unavailable for many students, or if teachers are not to be held accountable for students who have been present for less than the full year, the sample is even smaller than the already small samples for a single typical teacher, and the problem of misestimation is exacerbated.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License.
You may reproduce it for non-commercial use if you use the entire handout (just click print) and attribute the source: The Writing Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Of course, an undergraduate class may expect you to create a figure for your lab experiment, if only to make sure that you can do so effectively. If this is the case, then don 8767 t worry about whether to use figures or not—concentrate instead on how best to accomplish your task.
Nonrandom sorting of students to teachers within schools: A comparable statistical problem arises for teachers within schools, in that teachers’ value-added scores are affected by differences in the types of students who happen to be in their classrooms. It is commonplace for teachers to report that this year they had a “better” or “worse” class than last, even if prior achievement or superficial socioeconomic characteristics are similar.
All NIH grant and cooperative agreement awards include the NIH Grants Policy Statement as part of the NoA. For these terms of award, see the NIH Grants Policy Statement Part II: Terms and Conditions of NIH Grant Awards, Subpart A: General and Part II: Terms and Conditions of NIH Grant Awards, Subpart B: Terms and Conditions for Specific Types of Grants, Grantees, and Activities. More information is provided at Award Conditions and Information for NIH Grants.
Applicants must complete all required registrations before the application due date. Section III. Eligibility Information contains information about registration.